Research database

Project information
Project title
Land Use Change among indigenous pastoralists. Mapping historic land use in Northern landscapes. (LUMANOR)
Year
2017
Project leader
Stine Barlindhaug, Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research
Geographical localization of the research project in decimal degrees (max 5 per project, ex. 70,662°N and 23,707°E)
Se neste punkt.
Participants

 

Zoia Ravna (PhD student), Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research

Andrei Marin, Norwegian University of Life Sciences

 

 

Location

 

Latitude

Longitude

 

Norway, Finnmark

70.473295

25.065308

70.441138

24.790649

70.081235

24.867554

70.211824

24.411621

 

Russia, Yamal

70.001340

67.104492

70.299767

69.389648

68.410805

71.499023

67.887434

68.686523

 

Mongolia

45.471207

104.765625

44.664258

104.831543

44.711122

107.358398

45.563583

107.248535

 

 

Flagship
Terrestrial
Funding Source

Funding

Total amount

NIKU (egenforskning SB 100 hours)

NMBU (egenforskning AM 100 hours)

NIKU (egenforskning ZVR 50 hours)

118 500

93 900

30 900

SUM own funding

243 300,-

Funding from Fram Centre 2017

440 000,-

 

 

Summary of Results

In accordance with the project plan presented in the application, the main activity in 2016 has been on in-depth fieldwork in Finnmark and Mongolia and processing and analyses on the Russian video - and interview material.  It has also been done additional field work in the Russian case. Ravna conducted, in September 2017, interviews in the Nenets autonomous area okrug, Russia (the western territories of the Nenets population). She worked with Nenets youth and children at different boarding schools in Nes, Indiga, Krasnoye and Naryan-Mar. In addition, she conducted interview with several Nenets women with different backgrounds related to tundra life and education of children.

In the Finnmark case data gathered through the PPGIS work in 2016 have been digitized and analysed. Ground-truthing of sites representing the last 100 years of the Skáideduottar siidas’ land use, were conducted in collaboration with two members of Skáideduottar siida in September 2017.

 

The Mongolia case study was further developed in 2017 with field work from 30 August-15 September. The field work was conducted in two different ecological zones: desert-steppe and mountain-steppe. Data was collected “life-story” discussions with herders who have worked under the state pastoral cooperatives to better understand 'transformation' processes, which are central to our research. In addition, data was collected through the photovoice method. During the period September-December will these data be encoded and analyzed.

Master and PhD-students involved in the project

Zoia Vylka Ravna, PhD-studet

For the Management

The rapid Arctic warming requires increased understanding of response capacities within communities. Our work will add to this knowledge gap by focusing on both past response strategies and present and future challenges in our communication with knowledge holders in the case areas. 

Published Results/Planned Publications

Markussen, H. M. 2017. Looking for answers from indigenous peoples on the tundra.

            FRAM Forum; 10-15.

Marin, A. Revised and resubmitted. Volatility: understanding global capitalism and   

            climate change vulnerability in Mongolia. In: Hylland Eriksen, T. og Stensrud, A.

            (red.). Ecological crisis in an Overheated World Anthropological approaches to

            climate, the environment and capitalism?

Barlindhaug, S. 2017. Historic land use, Skáiddeduottar siida - Change, variability and

            Continuity. The International Congress of Arctic Social Sciences (ICASS) IX. Umeå

Ravna, Z. V. 2017. The Role of Woman in Transfer of Traditional Knowledge in Nenets

             Nomadic Communities (poster). International Union of Anthropological and

             Ethnological Sciences (IUAES) and Canadian Anthropology Society (CASCA).

             Ottawa.

Ravna, Z. V. 2017 Life, love and knowledge of Nenets nomads. The Story of Sata Ne – the

             Strong woman (film). International Union of Anthropological and

             Ethnological Sciences (IUAES) and Canadian Anthropology Society (CASCA).

             Ottawa.

Ravna, Z. V. 2017. Woman and her knowledge: the Nenets nomads of the Russian North.

              International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES) and

 

              Canadian Anthropology Society (CASCA). Ottawa.

Communicated Results

Marin, A. og Smith, M.J. 2017 (22 March).

- On the scapegoating of goat herders for air  pollution and economic crisis. UB-post (largest English-language newspaper in Mongolia). https://www.pressreader.com/mongolia/the-ub-post/2

Ravna Z. V. 2017.

-       -  The Childhood of Radik (film). University of Wyoming, Department of  Anthropology and Archaeology, USA

-       -  The Oldness of Sata Ne (film). University of Wyoming, Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, USA

 

-        - Presentation of the traditional beliefs and taboos among the Nenets. Tromsø Sameforening, Tromsø Museum. 

Interdisciplinary Cooperation

The disciplines involved are: Visual Anthropology (Zoia Vylka Ravna), Social Anthropology (Andrei Marin) and Archeology (Stine Barlindhaug). This consortium is beneficial in terms of working with similar research questions within mobile and semi mobile communities in the Arctic based on comparable but still different methodological traditions. 

Budget in accordance to results

LUMANOR is associated to HUMANOR which is funded through JPI Climate (NRC). The additional funding from the Fram Centre has made a more in-depth fieldwork and data gathering possible and has thus acted as an advantageous boost.  

Could results from the project be subject for any commercial utilization
No
Conclusions

The research provides key insights into;

-        how humans have been active agents of change and/or passive receptors of change

-        Women’s role in Nenets society with focus on transfer of knowledge to younger generations

-        The Russian school system’s effect on the Nenets society

 

-        Important drivers for change seen from a small scale perspective within one summer siida.