Research database

Project information
Project title
Land Use Change among indigenous pastoralists. Mapping historic land use in Northern landscapes. (LUMANOR)
Year
2018
Project leader
Stine Barlindhaug, Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research
Geographical localization of the research project in decimal degrees (max 5 per project, ex. 70,662°N and 23,707°E)
70.473295 N 25.065308 E; 70.001340 N 67.104492 E; 45.471207 N 104.765625 E
Participants

Project participants/institutions:

Andrei Marin, Norwegian University of Life Sciences

Zoia Ravna (PhD student), Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research

  Administrative  responsible: Kristin Bakken, NIKU

 

Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland University of Aberdeen, Scotland

 

Arctic Studies Centre, Salekhard, Russia University of Uppsala, Sweden

  Ájtte, Swedish Mountain and Sámi Museum, Jokkmokk

 

Flagship
Terrestrial
Funding Source

The project is associated with the JPI Climate-funded project HUMan-ANimal Relations Under Climate Change in NORthern Eurasia (HUMANOR) in collaboration with;

Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland University of Aberdeen, Scotland

Arctic Studies Centre, Salekhard, Russia University of Uppsala, Sweden

  Ájtte, Swedish Mountain and Sámi Museum, Jokkmokk

Summary of Results

In accordance with the project plan presented in the application, the main activity in 2018 has been on publication and dissemination.  A popular publication related to the Finnmark case, Skáideduottar siida are now in press. Also, a scientific paper is in progress.

 

Marin presented a photo exhibition from the photo voice work to stakeholders and invited governmental representatives in Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar: Through the eyes of herders: what are the current environmental and social challenges in the Mongolian countryside?.

 

Ravna presented her work at World Indigenous Research and Education Conference Arranged in Guovdageaidnu, Sápmi, Norway, by Sámi allaskuvla / Sámi University of Applied Sciences, WINU and WINHEC. In her presentation she focused on education of children of the nomadic population in Nenets autonomous area and Yamal-Nenets autonomous area, NW Russia: the possession of indigenous knowledge and skills by the Tundra Nenets.

Master and PhD-students involved in the project

Zoia V Ravna, PhD student.

For the Management

The rapid Arctic warming requires increased understanding of response capacities within communities. Our work will add to this knowledge gap by focusing on both past response strategies and present and future challenges in our communication with knowledge holders in the case areas.

Published Results/Planned Publications

Barlindhaug, S. (Forthcoming dec. 2018) Skáideduottar siida. Landskapsbruk og tilpasning ca 1920 – 2018. NIKU Rapport XX.

 

Barlindhaug, S. (in preparation) Change, variability and continuity in historic land use - Skáiddeduottar siida 1920 – 2018. Intended for RANGIFER. Research, Management and Husbandry of Reindeer and other Northern Ungulates.

 

Marin, A. (forthcoming 2019). Volatility: understanding global capitalism and climate change vulnerability in Mongolia, book chapter in Climate Capitalism and Communities, by Hylland-Eriksen, T. and Stensrud, A. (eds). Pluto Press.

Marin, A. and Batjav, B. (in preparation). The ‘social life’ of the Pastureland Law and the politics of climate change adaptation in Mongolia. Intended for Political Geography.

Marin, A. and Forbes, B. (in preparation). Winter disasters and their relation to pastoralists’ vulnerability to climate change in Eurasia. Intended for Nature Climate Change.

 

Ravna, Z. V. (2017). The Nomadic Nenets dwelling “Mya”: the symbolism of a woman’s role and space in a changing tundra. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/1177180117741221

 

Ravna, Z. V. (accepted) Nomadic Nenets Women’s Sewing Skills. The ethno- pedagogical process of transferring traditional skills and knowledge by Nenets women through the generations. Arctic Anthropology, Status: The manuscript will appear in Vol 55, Issue 2, 2018

 

Ravna, Z. V. (Forventes i salg 1. Januar 2019) Ved verdens ende: om urfolkskunnskap i et internatbasert utdanningssystem, 19 pp. In Ed. Nergård, J. I. Kulturen som pasient. Uvanlige møter for vanlige folk. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo.  https://www.haugenbok.no/Fagb-ker/Samfunnsgeografi/Kulturen-som- pasient/I9788215029023

 

Ravna, Z. V. (Submitted sept. 2018)“Catching a Child”, with the help of the “Mother of the Umbilical Cord”. An anthropological description of the process of giving birth in nomadic conditions in a Nenets traditional culture on the Siberian Tundra, in the Russian Federation. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. Online ISSN: 2242-3982 1 issue per year.

https://zich.editorialmanager.com/

 

Smith, M.J. and Marin, A. (2017). On the scapegoating of goat herders for air pollution and economic crisis. Op-ed in UB-post (largest English-language newspaper in Mongolia). 22 March 2017 https://www.pressreader.com/mongolia/the-ub- post/20170322/281694024600836

Communicated Results

2017

Tittel

Aktivitet / Konferanse

Z. Ravna

 

March 24,

Presentation of the PhD-project and two documentary films (each 15 min)

Presentation title:

“Woman and her knowledge: the Nenets nomads of the Russian North”

Films:

1.       “The Oldness of Sata Ne”

2.       “The Childhood of Radik” Language: English

University of Wyoming, Laramie

Place: UWYO / Anthropology and Archeology / ANTH 150

 

USA

Z. Ravna

 

May, 2-6

Presentation of paper

Panel: Living landscapes: Nomadic and Sedentary/Paysages vivants: Nomadique et sédentaire

                 Woman and her knowledge: the Nenets nomads of the Russian North

 

                 The ethnographic film: Title: “Life, love and knowledge of Nenets nomads. The Story

of Sata Ne – the strong woman”, 15 min.

 

                 Poster program: Title: “The Role of Woman in Transfer of Traditional Knowledge in Nenets Nomadic Communities”

CASCA/IUAES2017 Conference in Ottawa/ International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES) and Canadian Anthropology Society (CASCA)

http://nomadit.co.uk/cascaiuaes2017/ downloads/programme.pdf

 

Canada

Z. Ravna

 

 

November, 22

Paper and PP-presentation and discussions

Presentation “Nenets Women: keepers of the "Mya Fire"- the sacred symbolism of the nomadic shelter in the arctic tundra”. The paper will be published in RINZ, the peer-reviewed magazine (in progress).

XVIII International Scientific and Practical Conference "The Reality of Ethnicity", dedicated to the 220th anniversary of the Russian pedagogical university named by A.I. Herzen, the Institute of the Northern peoples.

Place: Russia, St. Petersburg, University of Herzen

Z. Ravna

 

 

November,

24

Presentation:

popular scientific presentation of the research project “Ethnographic Film and Photo” in Applied Science – Еthics and Dilemma. Includes film screening: Life, Love And Knowledge Of Northern Nomads: The Oldness Of Sata Ne – The Strong Woman – 15

International film-festival “Northern character” Place: Russia, Murmansk

 

min. (Samoedna Film,/NIKU Norwegian Institute of Culture Heritage Research Tromsø, Norway)

 

Z. Ravna

 

November,

24

Interviews

1.       TV-channel “Vesti Yamal”, Salehard, Russia

2.       TV-channel “Telekompaniya 21”, Murmansk, Russia

Aim of the interviews: Dissemination of scholarly research

Link (Telekompaniya 21):  http://www.tv21.ru/news/2017/11/24/kakaya-

sudba-zhdet-olenevodov-neneckogo-okruga-i-kto- luchshiy-saamskiy-ispolnitel-smotrite-filmy- kinofestivalya-sevevernyy-harakter

A. Marin

 

May

Research brief: “Climate change adaptations as social-ecological transformations in Mongolia. A long- term perspective.

 

Presented at Arktiko Seminar, Oulu,

2018

Presentation title

Name of the conference or course

 

 

 

Z. Ravna

 

July

Article about my research:

Выпуск № 74 (20705) от 17 июля 2018 г. http://nvinder.ru/article/vypusk-no-74- 20705-ot-17-iyulya-2018-g/33014-kogda- otechestvo-vsya-zemlya

Title: Когда Отечествовся Земля! (English: When your motherland is the Earth!)

By Irina Khanzerova Newspaper: Narjana-Vynder. (Khanzerova, 2018).

Z. Ravna

 

August, 22- 24

Presentation

Education of children of the nomadic population in Nenets autonomous area and Yamal-Nenets autonomous area, NW Russia: the possession of indigenous knowledge and skills by the Tundra Nenets. Session 2d: Protection and Monitoring of Environmental and Traditional Resources

Name: World Indigenous Research and Education Conference

Arranged in Guovdageaidnu, Sápmi, Norway, by Sámi allaskuvla / Sámi University of Applied Sciences, WINU and WINHEC.  https://wirec2018.weebly.com/progr amme.html

A. Marin

April

Research brief: Visualizing transformation: climate change and social change through the eyes of Mongolian pastoralists”.

Presented at Arktiko Seminar, Lammi, Finland

A. Marin 30-31 October

Photo exhibition: “Through the eyes of herders: what are the current environmental and social challenges in the Mongolian countryside?”.

 

Ulaanbaatar Mongolia.

 

 

 

 

Interdisciplinary Cooperation

The disciplines involved are: Visual Anthropology (Zoia Vylka Ravna), Social Anthropology (Andrei Marin) and Archeology (Stine Barlindhaug). This consortium is beneficial in terms of working with similar research questions within mobile and semi mobile communities in the Arctic based on comparable but still different methodological traditions.

Budget in accordance to results

LUMANOR is associated to HUMANOR which is funded through JPI Climate (NRC). The additional funding from the Fram Centre has made a more in-depth fieldwork and data gathering possible and has thus acted as an advantageous boost.

Could results from the project be subject for any commercial utilization
No
Conclusions

We have focused on using methods combining traditional research methos with close collaboration with local community members, thus exploring a wider understanding of importen drivers for change.

 

a) In Finnmark; Participatory mapping (PGIS) methodology in combination with archaeological surveying and analyses, b) in Yamal; Interviews, participatory observing and video and photo recording, c) in Mongolia; combination of life history (interviews) and environmental history (geo-archaeology), participant observations, landscape walks, and photovoice accounts